Karen Hughes

Karen Hughes

Email Karen R&D Capability Manager

Karen Hughes is Research and Capacity Development Manager (Specialist Projects) at Public Health Wales and an Honorary Professor at Bangor University. She has a broad public health research portfolio with specialist expertise in violence prevention, alcohol use and health and behaviour in nightlife environments. Her skills include systematic literature review, quantitative research methods, intervention evaluation and the development of public health intelligence. Prior to joining Public Health Wales, Karen headed up research for the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Violence Prevention at Liverpool John Moores University and led a research team undertaking local, national and international projects on violence prevention, youth drinking behaviours and the development of healthy nightlife environments. She collaborates in various international research networks and projects on violence and nightlife health and has published a wide range of peer reviewed journal articles and reports.

Publications

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Hughes K, Lowey H, Quigg Z, Bellis MA. Relationships between adverse childhood experiences and adult mental health: results from an English national household survey. BMC Public Health 2016; 16: 222.

Russell S, Hughes K, Bellis MA. The impact of childhood experience and adult well-being on eating preferences and behaviours: an evolutionary interpretation. BMJ Open, 2016; 6: 1.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Nicholls J, Sheron N, Gilmore I, Jones L. The alcohol harm paradox: using a national survey to explore how alcohol may disproportionately impact health in deprived individuals. BMC Public Health 2016; 16: 111.

Bellis MA, Quigg Z, Hughes K, Ashton K, Ferris J, Winstock A. Harms from other people’s drinking: an international survey of their occurrence, impacts on feeling safe and legislation relating to their control. BMJ Open 2015; 5: 12.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Hardcastle K, McHale P, Bennett A, Ireland R, Pike K. Teenage access to e-cigarettes and associations with smoking and drinking behaviours. BMC Public Health 2015; 15: 244.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Jones L, Morleo M, Nicholls J, McCoy E, Webster J, Sumnall H. Holidays, celebrations, and commiserations: measuring drinking during feasting and fasting to improve national and individual estimates of alcohol consumption. BMC Medicine 2015; 13: 113.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Hardcastle KA, Butchart A, Dahlberg L, Mercy JA, Mikton C. Global development and diffusion of outcome evaluation research for interpersonal and self-directed violence prevention from 2007 to 2013: a systematic review. Violence and Aggression 2014; 19(6): 655-662.

Kelly D, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Work hard, party harder: drug use and sexual behaviour in young British casual workers in Ibiza, Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2014: 11; 10051-10061.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Leckenby N, Hardcastle K, Perkins C, Lowey H. Measuring mortality and the burden of adult disease associated with Adverse Childhood Experiences in England: a national survey. Journal of Public Health 2015; 37(3): 445-454. 

Quigg Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA, van Hasselt N, Calafat A, Kosir M, Duch M, Juan M, Voorham L, Goossens FX. Incidents of harm amongst young people in European drinking environments and relationships with venue and customer characteristics. International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research 2014; doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.vXiY.180.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Leckenby N, Jones L, Baban A, Kachaeva M, Povilaitis R, Pudule I, Qirjako G, Ulukol B, Raleva M, Terzic N. Multi-nation study of adverse childhood experiences in Eastern Europe: modelling and meta-analysis of impacts on health harming behaviours in young adults. WHO Bulletin 2014; 92: 641-55.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Leckenby N, Perkins C, Lowey H. National household survey of adverse childhood experiences and their relationship with resilience to health harming behaviours in England. BMC Medicine 2014; 12: 72.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Leckenby N, Quigg Z Hardcastle K, Sharples O, Llewellyn D. Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2014; doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203287.

McHale P, Wood S, Hughes K, Bellis MA, Deminitz U, Wyke S. Who uses emergency departments inappropriately and when? A national cross sectional study using a monitoring data system. BMC Medicine 2013; 11: 258.

Hardcastle KA, Hughes K, Sharples O, Bellis MA. Trends in alcohol portrayal in popular music: a longitudinal analysis of the UK charts. Psychology of Music 2013; doi: 10.1177/0305735613500701.

Wood SK, Eckley L, Hughes K, Hardcastle KA, Bellis MA, Schrooten J, Demotrovics Z, Voorham L. Computer-based programmes for the prevention and management of illicit recreational drug use: a systematic review. Addictive Behaviors, doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.09.010.

Calafat A, Bellis MA, del Rio EF, Juan M, Hughes K, Morleo M, Becona E, Duch M, Stamos A, Mendes F. Nightlife verbal and physical violence among Young Europeans holidaying: what are the triggers to violence? Public Health 2013; 127: 908-15.

Quigg Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Student drinking patterns and blood alcohol concentration on commercially organised pub crawls in the UK. Addictive Behaviors 2013; 38: 2924-9.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Jones A, Perkins C, McHale P. Childhood happiness and violence: a retrospective study of their impacts on adult well-being. BMJ Open 2013; 3: e003427.

Hughes K, McHale P, Wyke S, Lowey H, Bellis MA. Child injury: using national emergency department monitoring systems to identify temporal and demographic risk factors. Injury Prevention 2013, online first, doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2013-040816.

Graham K, Miller P, Chikritzhs T, Bellis MA, Clapp J, Hughes K, Toomey T, Wells S. Reducing intoxication among bar patrons: some lessons from prevention of drinking and driving. Addiction 2013; doi: 10.1111/add./12247.

Bellis MA, Lowey H, Leckenby N, Hughes K, Harrison D. Adverse childhood experiences: retrospective study to determine their impact on adult health behaviours and health outcomes in a UK population. Journal of Public Health 2014, 36: 81-91.

Calafat A, Hughes K, Blay N, Bellis MA, Mendes F, Juan M, Lazarov P, Cibin B, Duch M. Sexual harassment among young tourists visiting Mediterranean resorts. Archives of Sexual Behavior 2013; 42: 603-613.

Hughes K, Quigg Z, Bellis MA, Calafat A, van Hasselt N, Kosir M, Voorham L, Goossens F, Duch M, Juan J. Drunk and disorganised: relationships between bar characteristics and customer intoxication in European drinking environments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2012; 9: 4068-4082.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Jones L, Wood S, Bates G, Eckley L, McCoy E, Mikton C, Shakespeare T, Officer A. Prevalence and risk of violence against adults with disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Lancet, 2012; 379: 1621-1629.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Sharples O, Hennell T, Hardcastle KA. Dying to be famous: variation in rock and pop star mortality and its association with adverse childhood experiences. BMJ Open 2012; 2: e002089.

Bellis MA, Jarman I, Downing J, Perkins C, Beynon C, Hughes K, Lisboa P. Using clustering techniques to identify localities with multiple health and social needs. Health and Place 2012; 18: 138-43.

Bellis MA, Leckenby N, Hughes K, Wyke S, Quigg Z, Luke C. Nighttime assaults: using a national emergency department monitoring system to predict occurrence, target prevention and plan services. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 746.

Bellis MA, Lowey H, Hughes K, Deacon LK, Stansfield J, Perkins C. Variations in risk and protective factors for life satisfaction and mental wellbeing with deprivation: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 492.

Jones L, Bellis MA, Wood S, Hughes K, McCoy E, Eckley L, Bates G, Mikton C, Shakespeare T, Officer A. Prevalence and risk of violence against children with disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Lancet 2012; 380: 899-907.

Quigg Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Effects of the 2010 World Cup football tournament on emergency department attendances in England. European Journal of Public Health 2012; doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cks098.

Quigg Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Data sharing for prevention: a case study in the development of a comprehensive emergency department injury surveillance system and its use in preventing violence and alcohol-related harms. Injury Prevention 2012; doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2011-040159.

Hughes K, Quigg Z, Bellis MA, van Hasselt N, Calafat A, Kosir M, Juan M, Duch M, Voorham L. Drinking behaviours and blood alcohol concentration in four European drinking environments: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2011; 11: 918.

Hughes K, Quigg Z, Eckley L, Bellis MA, Jones L, Calafat A, Kosir M, van Hasselt N. Environmental factors in drinking venues and alcohol-related harm: the evidence-base for European intervention. Addiction 2011; 106 Suppl 1:37-46.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Calafat A, Blay N, Kokkevi A, Boyiadji A, Mendes MR, Bajcàrova L. Substance use, violence and unintentional injury in young holidaymakers visiting Mediterranean destinations. Journal of Travel Medicine 2011; 18: 80-89.

Bellis MA, Hughes K. Getting drunk safely? Nightlife policy in the UK and its public health consequences. Drug and Alcohol Review 2011; 30: 536-545.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Wood S, Wyke S, Perkins C. National five year examination of inequalities and trends in emergency hospital admission for violence across England. Injury Prevention; 17: 319-325.

Calafat A, Blay NT, Hughes K, Bellis MA, Juan M, Duch M, Kokkevi A. Nightlife young risk behaviours in Mediterranean versus other European cities: are stereotypes true? European Journal of Public Health 2011; 21: 311-315.

Downing J, Hughes K, Bellis MA, Calafat A, Juan M, Blay N. Factors associated with risky sexual behaviour: a comparison of British, Spanish and German holidaymakers to the Balearics. European Journal of Public Health 2011; 21: 275-281.

Hughes S, Hughes K, Atkinson A, Bellis MA, Smallthwaite L. Smoking behaviours, access to cigarettes and relationships with alcohol in 15 and 16 year-old school children. European Journal of Public Health 2011; 21: 8-14.

Jones L, Hughes K, Atkinson AM, Bellis MA. Reducing harm in drinking environments: A systematic review of effective approaches. Health and Place 2011; 17: 508-18.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Quigg Z, Morleo M, Jarman I, Lisboa P. Cross-sectional measures and modelled estimates of blood alcohol levels in UK nightlife and their relationships with drinking behaviours and observed signs of inebriation. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2010; 5: 5.

Bellis MA, Morleo M, Hughes K, Downing J, Wood S, Smallthwaite L, Cook PA. A cross-sectional survey of compliance with national guidance for alcohol consumption by children: measuring risk factors, protective factors and social norms for excessive and unsupervised drinking. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 547.

Schnitzer S, Bellis MA, Anderson Z, Hughes K, Calafat A, Juan M, Kokkevi A. Nightlife violence – a gender specific view on risk factors for violence in nightlife settings; a cross sectional study in nine European countries. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2010; 25: 1094-1112. 

Sumnall H, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Calafat A, Juan M, Mendes F. A choice between fun or health? Relationships between nightlife substance use, happiness and mental well-being. Journal of Substance Use 2010; 15: 89-104.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Whelan G, Calafat A, Juan M, Blay N. Alcohol, drugs, sex and violence: health risks and consequences in young British holidaymakers to the Balearics. Adicciones 2009; 21: 265-278.

Hughes K, Downing J, Bellis MA, Dillon P, Copeland J. The sexual behaviour of British backpackers in Australia. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2009; 85: 477-482.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Calafat A, Juan M and Schnitzer S. Relative contributions of holiday location and nationality to changes in recreational drug taking behaviour: a natural experiment in the Balearic Islands. European Addiction Research 2009; 15: 75-86.

Bellis MA, Phillips-Howard PA, Hughes K, Hughes S, Cook PA, Morleo M, Hannon K, Smallthwaite L and Jones L. Teenage drinking, alcohol availability and pricing: a cross-sectional study of risk and protective factors for alcohol-related harms in school children. BMC Public Health 2009; 9: 380.

Calafat A, Adrover-Roigb D, Blaya N, Juana M, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Mendes F, Kokkevie A. Which young people accept a lift from a drunk or drugged driver? Accident Analysis and Prevention 2009; 41 :703-709.

Calafat A, Blay N, Juan M, Adrover D, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Stocco P, Siamou I, Mendes F, Bohrn K. Traffic risk behaviors at nightlife: drinking, taking drugs, driving, and use of public transport by young people. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2009; 10: 162-169.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Calafat A, Juan M, Schnitzer S and Anderson Z. Predictors of violence in young tourists: a comparative study of British, German and Spanish holidaymakers. European Journal of Public Health 2008; 18: 569-74.

Hughes K, Anderson Z, Morleo M, Bellis MA. Alcohol, nightlife and violence: the relative contributions of drinking before and during nights out to negative health and criminal justice outcomes. Addiction 2008; 103(1): 60-5.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Anderson Z, Tocque K and Hughes S. Contribution of violence to health inequalities in England – demographics and trends in emergency hospital admissions for assault. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2008; 62: 1064-1071.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Calafat A, Juan M, Ramon A, Rodriguez JA, Mendes F, Schnitzer S and Phillips-Howard P. Sexual uses of alcohol and drugs and the associated health risks: a cross sectional study of young people in nine European cities. BMC Public Health 2008; 8: 155.

Bellis MA, Hughes K. Comprehensive strategies to prevent alcohol-related violence. IPC Review 2008; 2: 137-168.

Bellis MA, Hennell T, Lushey C, Hughes K, Tocque K and Ashton JR. Elvis to Eminem: quantifying the price of fame through early mortality of European and North American rock and pop stars. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2007; 61: 896-901.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Morleo M, Tocque K, Hughes S, Allen T, Harrison D and Fe-Rodriguez E. Predictors of risky alcohol consumption in schoolchildren and their implications for preventing alcohol-related harm. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy 2007; 2:15.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Dillon P, Copeland J and Gates P. Effects of backpacking holidays in Australia on alcohol, tobacco and drug use of UK residents. BMC Public Health 2007; 7: 1.

Daosodsai P, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S, Daosodsai S, Syed Q. Thai War on Drugs: Measuring changes in methamphetamine and other substance use by school students through matched cross sectional surveys. Addictive Behaviour 2007; 32: 1733-1739.

Hughes K, Bellis MA. Sexual behaviour among casual workers in an international nightlife resort: a case control study. BMC Public Health 2006; 6: 39.

Bellis MA, Hughes K. Nightlife in Liverpool: tackling substance use in a flourishing night time economy. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 2005; 22, English Supplement: 135-138.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S and Ashton JR. Measuring paternal discrepancy and its public health consequences. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2005; 59: 749-754.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, McVeigh C and Tocque K. Violent Britain. Healthmatters 2005; 61: 8-9.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, McVeigh J, Thomson R and Luke C. Effects of nightlife activity on health. Nursing Standard 2005; 19: 63-71.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Tocque K, Hennell T, Humphrey G and Wyke G. Assessing and communicating the health and judicial impact of alcohol use. Public Health 2005; 119: 253-261.

Hughes K, Bellis MA and Chaudry M. Elevated substance use in casual labour at international nightlife resorts: A case control study.  International Journal of Drug Policy 2004; 15: 211-213.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, McVeigh J and Thomson R. A potent cocktail. Nursing Standard 2004; 18(47): 14-16.

Bellis MA, Hughes K. Sex potions: Relationships between alcohol, drugs and sex. Adicciones 2004; 16(4): 249-258.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Thomson R and Bennett A. Sexual Behaviour of Young People in International Tourist Resorts. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2004; 80: 43-47.

Bellis MA, Hughes K and Ashton JR. The promiscuous ten percent? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2004. 58(11): 889-90.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Bennett A and Thomson R. The role of an international nightlife resort in the proliferation of recreational drugs. Addiction 2003; 98: 1713-1721.

Bellis MA, Hughes K. Addressing recreational drug use and harm minimisation in a global nightlife. Sociodrogalcohol 2003: 15, s2: 289-305.

Bellis MA, Hughes K and Lowey H. Healthy Night Clubs and Recreational Substance Use From a Harm Minimisation to a Healthy Settings Approach.  Addictive Behaviour 2002, 27, 1025-1035.

Reports and other publications

Quigg Z, Bellis MA, Grey H, Ashton K, Hughes K, Webster J. Alcohol’s harms to others: the harms from other people’s alcohol consumption in Wales. Cardiff: Public Health Wales, 2016. 

Sannen A, Krusche L, Hughes K, Burkhart G, van Hasselt N. Responding to drug and alcohol use and related problems in nightlife settings. Utrecht: Trimbos Institute, 2016.

Ford K, Butler N, Hughes K, Quigg Z, Bellis MA. Adverse childhood experiences in Hertfordshire, Luton and Northamptonshire. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, 2016.

Bellis MA, Ashton K, Hughes K, Ford K, Bishop J, Paranjothy S. Adverse childhood experiences and their impact on health-harming behaviours in the Welsh population. Cardiff: Public Health Wales, 2016.

Hardcastle K, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Sethi D. Implementing child maltreatment prevention programmes: what the experts say. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.

Hughes K, Hardcastle K, Perkins C. The mental health needs of gang-affiliated young people. London: Public Health England, 2015.

Quigg Z, Hughes K, Ford K, Hunt A, Hardcastle K, McGee C. Evaluation of the Liverpool Say No To Drunks pilot intervention. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015.

McGee C, Hughes K, Quigg Z, Bellis MA, Larkin W, Lowey H. A scoping study of the implementation of Routine Enquiry about Childhood Adversity (REACh). Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015.

Ford K, Quigg Z, Wood S, Hughes K. A case study to demonstrate the use of health data for violence prevention within the voluntary and community sector: Local Solutions. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015.

Quigg Z, Ford K, Butler N, Hardcastle K, Hughes K. Evaluation of the South Wales Know the Score intervention. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015.

Hughes K, Gee I, Ford K, McHale P, Prickett L, Le Page Y, Bridgman S. Guernsey and Alderney Healthy Lifestyle Survey 2013. Guernsey: Health and Social Services, 2014.

Bates G, Jones L, Timpson H, Begley E, Hardcastle K, Hughes K, Ross K. “Top ten for number ten” – a public health manifesto from the North West Directors of Public Health. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014.

Hughes K, Hardcastle K, Bennett A, Ireland R, Sweeney S, Pike K. E-cigarette access among young people in Cheshire and Merseyside: findings from the 2013 North West Trading Standards Survey. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014.

Hardcastle K, Hughes K, Worsley J, Bennett A, Ireland R, Sweeney S. “Most people I know have got one”: young people’s perceptions and experiences of electronic cigarettes. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014.

Sethi D, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Gilbert R, Mitis F, Galea G. European report on preventing child maltreatment. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2013.

Morleo M, Jones A, O’Keefe M, Leckenby N, McHale P, Perkins C, Hughes K, Bellis MA. The impact of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games on alcohol-related illness and injury. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, 2013.

Hardcastle K, Hughes K, Bellis MA. UK guidance on sexual assault interventions: recommendations to improve the standards of policy and practice in the UK. Liverpool: COSAI and Centre for Public Health, 2013.

Hardcastle K, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Comparing Sexual Assault Interventions Project UK case study: SafePlace Merseyside: Liverpool’s Sexual Assault Referral Centre. Liverpool: COSAI and Centre for Public Health, 2013.

Hughes K, Quigg Z, Bellis MA, Calafat A, van Hasselt N, Kosir M. From home to pub. In: Anderson P, Braddick F, Reynolds J, Gual A. Alcohol policy in Europe: evidence from AMPHORA. The AMPHORA project, 2012. Available online: http://amphoraproject.net/view.php?id_cont=45.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Perkins C, Bennett A. Protecting people, promoting health: a public health approach to violence prevention for England. Liverpool: North West Public Health Observatory, 2012.

Van Hasselt N, Hughes K, Burkhart G, Gyarmathy VA. Responding to drug use and related problems in recreational settings. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2012.

Hughes K, Bellis MA. Drinking environments. In: Anderson P, Moller L, Galea G. Alcohol in the European Union: consumption, harm and policy approaches. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2012.

Quigg Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Pub crawl: alcohol use among students attending organized drinking events. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2011.

Calafat A, Blay N, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Kokkevi A, Mendes F et al. Tourism, nightlife and violence: a cross cultural analysis and preventive recommendations. Palma de Mallorca, Spain: IREFREA, 2011.

Quigg Z. Whelan G, Hughes K. Alt Valley Making WAVES. Final evaluation report. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2011.

Quigg Z, Harrison D, Whelan G, Hughes K. Evaluation of Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service Fire Fit summer camps. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2011.

Wood S, Bellis MA, Kelly D, Hughes K, Eckley L, Chadborn N. Use and perceptions of parks in Merseyside and Manchester. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2011.

Wood S, Eckley L, Stuart J, Hughes K, Kelly D, Harrison D, Quigg Z. Evaluation of the Youth Crime Action Plan in Liverpool. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2011.

Quigg Z, Stuart J, Hughes K, Williams K, Mehta B, Levine M, Buchanan M, Bellis M. Measuring alcohol-related emergency departments attendances amongst young people – pilot study. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010.

Sethi D, Hughes K, Bellis MA, Mitis F, Racioppi F. European report on preventing violence and knife crime among young people. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2010. 

Bellis M, Clark E, Hughes K, Bennett A. Safety first: stories and key figures on violence, injuries and their prevention. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010.

Hughes K, Hungerford D, Quigg Z, Bellis MA. The impact of the 2006 World Cup on Accident and Emergency Department assault attendance in Cumbria, Lancashire and Merseyside. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010.

Bellis MA, Jones L, Hughes K, Hughes S. Preventing and reducing armed violence: what works? Background paper: Oslo Conference on Armed Violence. Geneva: United Nations Development Programme, 2010.

Hughes K, Furness L, Jones L, Bellis MA. Reducing harm in drinking environments: evidence and practice in Europe. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010.

Quigg Z, Edwards H, Hughes K. Evaluation of the Big Lottery Funded Cage Football project in Liverpool. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010.

Furness L, Quigg Z, Hughes K. Speke Making WAVES (Witness and Victim Encouragement and Support) interim process evaluation report. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010.   

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Hughes S. Guns, knives and pesticides: reducing access to lethal means. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Hughes S. Preventing violence by developing life skills in children and adolescents. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Hughes K, Bellis MA, Hughes S. Preventing violence by reducing availability and harmful use of alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Hughes S, Bellis MA, Hughes K. Promoting gender equality to prevent violence against women. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Hughes S, Bellis MA, Hughes K. Changing cultural and social norms that promote violence. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Hughes S, Bellis MA, Hughes K. Preventing violence through the development of safe, stable and nurturing relationships between children and their parents and caregivers. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Anderson Z, Bellis MA, Hughes S, Hughes K. Reducing violence through victim identification, care and support programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.

Hughes K, Quigg Z, Bellis MA, Morleo M, Jarman I, Lisboa P. Blood alcohol levels and drunkenness amongst young people visiting nightlife in the North West. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Cook PA, Morleo M. Off Measure: How we underestimate how much we drink. London: Alcohol Concern, 2009.

Warren I, Anderson Z, Furness L, Hughes K. Experience of crime and witness intimidation in Carter Thackery, Liverpool. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Furness L, Anderson Z, Warren I, Hughes K. Experience of crime and witness intimidation in Speke, South Liverpool. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Hughes K, Jones L, Bellis MA. Reducing harm in drinking environments: fact sheet 2009. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Stuart J, Anderson Z, Hughes K. Exploration of nightlife and associated problems in Prescot, Knowsley. Liverpool, Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Stuart J, Quigg Z, Hughes K. Health Needs Assessment: North Liverpool Academy. Liverpool, Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Atkinson A, Anderson Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA, Sumnall H, Syed Q. Interpersonal violence and illicit drugs. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Anderson Z, Whelan G, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Evaluation of the Lancashire Polycarbonate Glass Pilot Project. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Atkinson A, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S, Smallthwaite L. Smoking behaviour in North West school children: a study of fifteen and sixteen year olds. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2009.

Anderson Z, Hungerford D, Hughes,K.. Evaluation of the Breckfield Making WAVES (Witness and Victim Encouragement and Support) project. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University: Liverpool, 2008.

Anderson Z, Hungerford D, Hughes, K. Evaluation of the Breckfield Making WAVES (Witness and Victim Encouragement and Support) project. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University: Liverpool, 2008.

Anderson Z, Hungerford D, Hughes K. Experience of crime and witness intimidation in Breckfield. Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University: Liverpool, 2008.

Anderson Z, Whelan G, Hughes, K. Intimidated witness training. Final training assessment.  Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University: Liverpool, 2008.

Hughes K, Anderson Z. Identifying drunkenness and preventing sales of alcohol to intoxicated customers in Manchester. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2008.

Hughes S, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Tocque K, Morleo M, Hennessey M, Smallthwaite L. Risky drinking in North West school children and its consequences: a study of fifteen and sixteen year olds. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2008.

Hughes K, Bellis MA. Use of environmental harm to tackle alcohol-related harm in nightlife environments: the UK experience. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre of Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2007.

Anderson Z, Hughes K. Knowsley and Wirral intimidated witness project: analysis of service provision. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2007.

Anderson Z, Whelan G, Hughes K. Merseyside Specialist Domestic Violence Court Programme Situational Analysis. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2007.

Anderson Z, Hughes K, Bellis MA. Exploration of young people’s experience and perceptions of violence in Liverpool’s nightlife. Liverpool; Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2007.

Morleo M, Lightowlers C, Harkins C, Hughes K, Cook PA. Nightlife in Lancashire: licensing development and planning initiatives. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2007.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. Interpersonal violence and alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. WHO facts on intimate partner violence and alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. WHO facts on youth violence and alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. WHO facts on elder abuse and alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. WHO facts on child maltreatment and alcohol. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. Interpersonal violence and alcohol in the Russian Federation. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. Breaking the cycle: public health perspectives on interpersonal violence in the Russian Federation. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Hughes S. Alcohol and interpersonal violence: policy briefing. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2006.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Morleo M, Tocque K, Hughes S, Allen T and Harrison D. Patterns of risky alcohol consumption in North West teenagers and their implications for preventing alcohol-related harm. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2006.

Bellis MA, Anderson Z and Hughes K. Effects of the alcohol misuse enforcement campaigns and the Licensing Act 2003 on violence: a preliminary assessment of Accident and Emergency attendances in Wirral. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2006.

Morleo M, Dedman D, Hughes K, Hooper J, Tocque K and Bellis MA. Regional alcohol indicators for the North West 2006. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2006.

McVeigh C, Hughes K, Lushey C and Bellis MA. Preventing violence: from global perspectives to national action. Proceedings, 10th-11th March 2005. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2005.

McVeigh C, Hughes K, Bellis MA, Reed E, Ashton JR and Syed Q. Violent Britain: People, prevention and public health. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2005.

Shepherd J, Bellis MA, Hughes K, Stewart L, Kemm J, Kohli H and Sanderson H. Alcohol and violence: briefing statement. London: Faculty for Public Health Medicine of the Royal Colleges of Phsyicians of the United Kingdom, 2005.

Hughes K, Tocque K, Humphrey G and Bellis MA.  Taking Measures: A situational analysis of alcohol in the North West. Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2004.

Bellis MA, Hughes K, Korf D and Tossman P. Violence in general places of entertainment.  In Council of Europe.  Violence and insecurity related to the consumption of psychoactive substances. Pompidou Group. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2004.

Calafat A, Fernandez C, Juan M, Anttila A, Bellis MA, Bohrn K, Fenk R, Hughes K, Kerschl AV, Kokkevi A, Kuussaari K, Leenders F, Mendes F, Simon J, van de Wijngaart G and Zavatti P.  Cultural mediators in a hegemonic nightlife: Opportunities for drug prevention. Valencia: IREFREA, 2004.

O’Brien F, Hughes K and Sousa Vicente E. Violence at major events.  In Council of Europe. Violence and insecurity related to the consumption of psychoactive substances. Pompidou Group. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2004.

Hughes K and Bellis MA (eds). Safer Nightlife in the North West of England: a report by the North West Safer Nightlife Group.  Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University: Liverpool, 2003.

Calafat A, Fernandez C, Juan M, Anttila A, Arias R, Bellis MA, Bohrn K, Fenk R, Hughes K, Kerschl AV, Kokkevi A, Kuussaari K, Leenders F, Mendes F, Simon J, Spyropoulou M, van de Wijngaart G and Zavatti P. Enjoying the Nightlife in Europe. The Role of Moderation.  Valencia, Spain: IREFREA, 2003.

McVeigh J, Hughes K, Hounsome J and Bellis MA. Over a decade of drug use epidmemiology: Implications for strategy and service provision.  Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2003.

Hughes K, Bellis MA and Tocque K.  Public Health and Information & Communications Technologies: Tackling health and digital inequalities in the information age.  North West Public Health Observatory: Liverpool, 2002.

Bellis MA, Hughes K and Lowey H. Risk reduction in the night time environment: national and international considerations.  In Risk reduction linked to the use of substances other than by injection. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2002.

Hughes K, Bellis MA and Kilfoyle-Carrington M.  Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs in the North West of England: Identifying a Shared Agenda.  North West Public Health Observatory: Liverpool, 2001.

Bellis MA, Hughes K and Kilfoyle M. Club Health: A settings approach to Health in the Night-time Environment, in Calafat A et.al. Risk and Control in the Recreational Drug Culture. Sonar 1999, Valencia, Spain: IREFREA, 2001.

Pitt G, Forrest D, Hughes K and Bellis MA.  Young Peoples Exposure to Alcohol: The Role of Radio and Television.  Liverpool: Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2001.